40+ Solar Energy Projects for Engineering Students

These are the projects which work successfully based on the solar energy. Solar power projects are the most interesting projects and we are all well aware of the way that they are helpful in our real life also. Solar water heater, solar cooker, sun tracking solar panel, solar powered refrigerator, etc. are some of the best examples for solar energy projects.

Read the latest technology based on Solar Energy – Solar Inverter Technology Transfer

Solar Energy Projects Ideas

Here, we are listing out some of the best solar energy projects especially collected for engineering students. So, if you are interested, you may check this list of projects ideas based on solar energy and write your comments, suggestions and new ideas in the contact us page.

Solar Energy Projects List:

SNo
Project title
1 Design of Solar Inverter Circuit for Homes: The idea of this project is to aid hobbyist to design their own solar inverter to convert the power obtained (DC) from solar panel to operate the home appliances (AC Power) by using fewer components.
2Solar Tracking Solar Panel Using ATMEGA8 Controller: Based on the light intensity detected by Light Dependant Resistors (LDR’s), this project automatically adjusts the solar panel in the direction of maximum light from the sun using AVR ATMEGA controller
3Implementation of Solar Battery Charger Circuit: The energy generated from the solar panel must charge battery in an appropriate way. So this implemented circuit regulates voltage and current to the battery with overvoltage cutoff facility.
4Solar Power Based Water Heater: This circuit is designed to make use of solar energy collected from solar collector in order to boil the water which can be useful for both household and industrial applications.
5Solar Energy Based Cooker: The idea of this project is to build a simple solar cooker device which uses direct sunlight to cook, pasteurize or heat the food. This method is best suited when the food is prepared outdoor.
6Maximum Power Point Tracking for Low Power Photovoltaic Solar Panels: The main objective of this project is to maximize the output produced by a solar panel by implementing MPPT (Maximum Power Point Algorithm) on a microcontroller unit.
7Solar Powered Auto Irrigation System: The proposed irrigation system uses photo-voltaic cell to produce the electrical energy by converting the solar energy from sun. This derived energy is further utilized for controlling the pump sets based on the soil moisture content.
8Solar Powered Coir Provostor: The concept behind this design is to reduce the fuel required by heavy vehicles to dry the coir obtained from coconut. This project uses solar panel with MPPT controller to energize the DC motor in order to drive the vehicle.
9Solar Powered LED Street Light with Auto Intensity Control: This is an energy efficient method of street lighting which uses solar energy to power-up the LED Street light by storing electrical energy in battery during the day time. During nights the stored energy supplied to LED Street lights with auto intensity control based on timings.
10GSM Based Flexible Calling System for Coal Mining Workers: The aim of this project is to help the coal mine workers in emergency situations to be able to contact with centralized control room even at power failure conditions due to the solar energy utilization for circuit working.
11Design of Solar Powered Night Lamp Circuit: This project implements a simple solar powered night lamp that turns OFF and ON automatically during sunset and sunrise respectively. During the day time it charges the battery and at night time it utilizes the stored energy to power the lamp (LED).
12Solar Energy Measurement System: The solar cell parameters like voltage and currents are constantly monitored and measured by this type of project design. Current and voltage sensors with appropriate ADCs are interfaced to the microcontroller unit in order to measure the solar energy.
13Farmer Friendly Solar Based Electric Fence for Rural Agriculture: Electric fences are practical as well as economical solutions for maximized field production. This idea of the project helps the farmers so that their fields, farmlands, etc are safeguarded. This project uses solar panels to charge the batteries.
14Development of Dual-Axis Solar Tracking using Arduino with Lab VIEW: This project aims to track the sun and maximize the output produced by a solar panel using Arduino uno controller and LabVIEW HMI. This uses a set of light depend resistors to detect the maximum light source location
15Beam Circuit Solar Engine: This is a simple type of robot design that uses solar energy to drive the actuator system. The mounted solar panel charges the set of capacitor by utilizing energy from the sun and then capacitors discharge their energy to drive the robot or simply an actuator.
16PIC Microcontroller Based Solar Water Heating System: This design describes the implementation of solar energy exploitation system for solar water heating system by using PIC microcontroller based circuit.
17Portable Solar Powered Radio: This simple DIY project helps to build simple solar power circuit for operating the radio with use of small solar panel instead of replacing discharged batteries every time.
18Solar Based Advanced Water Quality Monitoring System Using Wireless Sensor Network: This project monitors the quality of water using solar powered underwater wireless sensor network technology. The parameters like pH, oxygen level and turbidity at every node (powered by solar panel) of a wireless sensor network is sent to the base station.
19Solar Powered Automatic Rain Operated Wiper: The main aim of this project is to operate the wiper of any vehicle by automatically sensing the rain. It uses a solar panel to charge the battery so that entire circuit is supplied with battery power.
20Forest Fire Detection Using Optimized Solar Powered Wireless Sensor Networks: There is no availability of electricity in forests. Therefore, this projects implements solar powered Zigbee wireless sensor network with appropriate microcontroller based circuit to detect the forest fires.
21Design of Simple Solar Charger Circuit for Mobiles: This project aims to design a simple solar charger for mobiles by utilizing the solar energy from the sun. It uses simple regulator circuit with basic electronic components in order to supply the constant voltage to the battery.
22Self-Powered Solar Data Logger: In this project, solar insulation levels and temperature levels are continuously measured by the respective sensor and stored in flash memory. This logged data can be useful for future analysis.
23Quasi-Z-Source Solar Inverter Fed BLDC Drive: A solar powered quasi Z-source inverter with PIC controlled brushless DC motor is implemented by this project which also includes MPPT controller to produce maximum energy from solar panel.
24Flashlight Controlled Solar Powered Robot using Arduino: This project implements a light gradient sensitive robotic vehicle which is powered by solar energy. This project can be useful for controlling the robot based on flash light sensing by using Arduino controller.
25Design of Solar Electric Bicycle: The solar panel attached to the bicycle helps to charge the battery. So this project charges the battery from the solar panel, further this battery power can be utilized for glow-up the lamps, horns, etc.
26A Hybrid Wind-Solar Energy System: This project allows two sources to supply load power depending on the availability of the source i.e., either solar or wind source. This circuit also implements MPPT algorithm for maximum power.
27Solar Based Wireless Power Transfer: This project presents the transfer of power wirelessly using a renewable energy resource i.e., solar power. Solar panels convert the light energy into electrical energy which will be stored in the batteries. Further this energy is transmitted to the receiving end in the form of electromagnetic waves.
28Wearable Solar Based Cool Cap: The main aim of this design is to prevent sunstrokes and to lower the temperature by attaching small fans to the wearable caps with small solar panel in order to supply the power to circuit.
29A Project on Solar Chimney: The natural way of keeping the building cool is the usage of solar chimney. Until the sunlight availability, this chimney naturally keeps ventilation to fill the cold air inside of chimney.
30Solar powered Induction Motor Driven Water Pump Operating on a Desert Well: This project uses a photovoltaic fed water pumping system which delivers the water from desert well by employing induction motor pump.
31Solar Based High Efficient Vacuum Cleaner: This is an energy efficient model of vacuum cleaner which uses solar energy to create a partial vacuum in order to suck the dirt and dust particles.
32Solar Powered Path Finding Vehicle: The main idea of this project is to implement a path finding robot which follows the desired path by avoiding obstacles in that path.
33Solar Power Based Industrial Boiler Controller: This project controls the heating element of industrial boiler by sensing the temperature based on the requirement. Solar panels provide the necessary heating requirement of boiling.
34Solar Charging Handbag: This project allows to charge electronic gadgets like mobile phones, ipods, etc. by a solar battery charger which is attached to the handbag or backpack.
35High Efficiency Photovoltaic Source Simulator with Fast Response Time : This study presents the simulator tool for maximum power point tracking algorithms and solar power conditioning systems by a high efficient photovoltaic source simulator
36Solar Powered Automated Fertigation Control System for Cultivation in Green House: This developed system turns the ON/OFF injector for fertilizer mixing and also controls the irrigation pumps for setting regular irrigation frequency by using the power from solar panels.
37Sunlight Powered Steam Engine: The concept of this project is to design a reciprocating engine powered with solar energy. The sunlight energy with sufficient heat fallen on to metal tube converts the water into steam.
38Design of Solar Energy Meter : It is a simple project which determines the energy generated by the solar panel. If the solar power generated is sufficient to drive the load, this circuit doesn’t allow the power from AC line otherwise remaining amount (in case of less power from PV cells) will be drawn from AC load
39Series & Parallel Solar Circuit Modeling and Analysis: The purpose of this theory is to perform the detailed analysis on dynamic behavior of the solar cells using simulations methods.
40Lead-Acid-Battery Regulator For Solar Panel Systems: This simple project design develops a circuit which regulates the power supplied from solar collector in order to divert the surplus energy in the event of much sunshine.

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